Cannabis for recreational use remains illegal, with legislation dating back to 1932.
However, medical use was legalized in 2017. While medical cannabis is permitted, smoking it is prohibited.
Now, let's explore the nuanced landscape of cannabis in Puerto Rico.
Legal Status of Marijuana in Puerto Rico
Here is what you need to know about the current legal status of marijuana in Puerto Rico.
Medical Marijuana Legalization
In 2015, Puerto Rico became the latest US territory to legalize medical marijuana.
This means that patients with certain qualifying conditions can obtain a medical cannabis card and purchase marijuana from licensed dispensaries.
The list of qualifying conditions includes cancer, HIV/AIDS, Parkinson's disease, and multiple sclerosis, among others.
Recreational Use and Regulations
Recreational use of marijuana is still illegal in Puerto Rico. However, in 2019, Governor Ricardo Rosselló signed an executive order that legalized the possession of small amounts of marijuana for personal use.
Under this order, adults over the age of 21 can possess up to 28 grams of marijuana and grow up to six plants for personal use.
However, smoking marijuana in public places is still banned, and driving under the influence of marijuana is illegal.
Cultivation and Consumption Laws
Cultivation of marijuana for personal use is legal in Puerto Rico, as long as it is done in a private residence and the plants are not visible to the public.
However, commercial cultivation and sale of marijuana is still illegal. Consumption of marijuana is also legal in private residences, but smoking in public places is banned.
It is important to stay up-to-date on the latest regulations and laws surrounding marijuana use in Puerto Rico.
Obtaining a Medical Marijuana Card
To obtain a medical marijuana card in Puerto Rico, you must be a resident of the island and have a qualifying medical condition. You must also obtain a recommendation from an authorized physician.
Once you have a recommendation, you can apply for a medical marijuana card through the Department of Health. The application process requires you to provide personal information and medical records, as well as pay a fee.
Rights and Restrictions for Patients
Overall, Puerto Rico's medical marijuana program is regulated under Regulation 9038, which ensures safe access to medical marijuana for patients with qualifying conditions.
Licensed dispensaries are available throughout the island to registered patients, and ongoing research is being conducted to further understand the benefits and risks of medicinal cannabis.